Many of the virtual university initiatives have faded, have not been reported on, or never achieve "second stage ignition" (Bacsich, passim). Distance learning is "in trouble across the world" from governments (says President of ICDE). The Dutch OU, for example, has had some "blips".
Virtual school have been an area of growth, and some of their experiences could "teach tertiary a thing or two". There are 50+ in Europe, and a robust offering from Oceania, Latin America, and Asia. Sofia Distans is one example from Sweden (mainly asynchronous), which was started for diplomats' children. Interhigh in Wales has more synchronous learning opportunities, and the Brisbane school of Distance Education in Australia is an example of an OER approach.
Latin America (Photo credit: Wikipedia)Has there been a lost decade (well 10 to 20 years)? First Class was brought into the OU in the 1990s, and the first large-scale course for teachers was offered online at this time. Paul asserts that universities are facing crises - the "perfect storm" around what they are offering. Should their focus be broad or narrow? Retention is a classic problem, and this is usually worse when distance learning is involved. Quality is often fobbed off, rather than resolved. Effectiveness and study time are also an issue. Academically adrift - Arum and Roksa - was recommended as a useful read, and suggest that students come out of university with analytic skills not much better than those they came in with. In England, student study times have dwindled and vary widely between institutions and courses, and they are lower than in much of the previous years.
Outside the US, there is no overall articulated and evidenced case for blended and/or distance learning, and Paul asked for more up-to-date research. Do studies on study time to ensure that students and parents are not short-changed...and this is part of knowing your student. Student satisfaction is only part of the picture. Research has value for the nation, but not necessarily for the parents, students, or institutions. The evidence from the for-profit sector suggests that breadth of provision beyond traditional HE is key to (commercial) success of eLearning.
elearning (Photo credit: Wikipedia)Paul started to wrap up with some key multeversity features including:
- Joining with other institutions to set school-learning exams
- Linking with international partners to lobby governments and ensure true benchmarkable quality
- Generating 'liberal arts' thinkers yet e-business ready.